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Sudan seeks recognition from junta while playing Russia and US

Sudan's military leadership may grant Russia a naval logistics base in Port Sudan, causing concern for the US and expanding influence.

The ongoing war in Sudan has presented Moscow with a strategic opportunity to establish a military base in the Red Sea, expanding its influence in the Horn of Africa region. This move signifies a potential shift in power dynamics as the Sudanese military leadership navigates diplomatic relations with both Russia and the US to solidify its position as the legitimate administration of Sudan.

Recently, Malik Agar, deputy leader of the Sudan Transitional Sovereign Council, visited Moscow to discuss defense cooperation and potential arms deals. The proposed naval logistics base in Port Sudan would grant Russia access to the Horn of Africa coastline, enhancing its presence in the region and enabling strategic partnerships with other military bases in the area.

While Russia's engagement in Sudan through private military groups like Wagner initially aligned with the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a shift towards the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) suggests a deeper political engagement aimed at competing with Western powers despite sanctions. This move by Moscow not only raises concerns in Washington but also signals a new chapter for Khartoum as it balances diplomatic ties between global powers.

The proposed agreement between Khartoum and Moscow includes provisions for a naval logistics base, weapons supply, and concessions in mining and agriculture. Russian officials have expressed confidence in the agreement, with plans to host up to 300 troops in Port Sudan to support naval operations in the Red Sea.

Efforts by the US to mediate the conflict in Sudan through the Jeddah Process have faced challenges, particularly in securing ceasefire agreements between the warring factions. Recent discussions between US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Sudanese leaders highlight the urgent need for peace negotiations and humanitarian access to alleviate the suffering of the Sudanese people.

As Sudan navigates complex diplomatic relations with global powers, the outcome of these negotiations will determine the future of the country and the stability of the region. The strategic implications of Russia's military base in the Red Sea underscore the evolving dynamics of international relations in the Horn of Africa, with implications for peace and security in the region.

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