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'Alarming Rise: Tick Bites Spreading Alpha-Gal Syndrome, Affects up to 450,000 in US with Meat Allergies'

"Life-threatening allergic reactions from tick bites spreading across US."

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has issued a warning about the rapid spread of a dangerous condition known as alpha-gal syndrome in the United States. This syndrome causes severe allergic reactions to red meat and dairy products and is transmitted through tick bites.

Alpha-gal syndrome is characterized by an allergic reaction to alpha-gal, a sugar molecule found in mammals. It can be found in meats such as pork, beef, rabbit, lamb, and venison, as well as in gelatin, cow's milk, and other dairy products. However, it is not present in fish, poultry, reptiles, or humans.

The allergic reactions caused by alpha-gal syndrome typically manifest as hives or itchy rashes, but they can also lead to symptoms like nausea, coughing, drops in blood pressure, and even fainting. These symptoms usually occur 2-6 hours after consuming or coming into contact with animal products containing alpha-gal.

In severe cases, alpha-gal syndrome can be life-threatening and may result in anaphylaxis. This condition is primarily carried by lone star ticks, which are commonly found in the southeastern and mid-Atlantic regions of the US. These ticks can be identified by the large white spot on the back of adult females.

However, there have been recent reports of alpha-gal syndrome cases occurring outside the natural range of lone star ticks, including in northern Wisconsin and Minnesota. This suggests that the condition is spreading to new areas.

A recent study revealed a significant increase in the number of alpha-gal syndrome cases in the US. Between 2017 and 2021, a total of 90,000 cases were diagnosed, with an annual increase of approximately 15,000 cases. However, it is believed that many individuals with alpha-gal syndrome remain undiagnosed due to the non-specific and inconsistent nature of the symptoms, difficulties in seeking healthcare, and a lack of awareness among clinicians.

Dr. Johanna Salzer, a prominent researcher studying alpha-gal syndrome, emphasized that many cases go undiagnosed due to the challenges associated with identifying the condition. Furthermore, a nationwide survey conducted by the CDC revealed that 42% of doctors in the US have never heard of alpha-gal syndrome, while 35% expressed a lack of confidence in their ability to diagnose this potentially fatal condition.

These findings highlight the urgent need for increased awareness and education among healthcare professionals regarding alpha-gal syndrome. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, individuals with this condition are at risk of severe allergic reactions and potentially life-threatening complications. Efforts must also be made to control the spread of lone star ticks and prevent further transmission of alpha-gal syndrome.

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